Data center cooling is all about controlling the temperature inside your data center to reduce heat. Cooling solutions are vital to ensure that a data center remains at a safe temperature.
Specialised equipment designed to handle large amounts of data every second can produce large amounts of heat. Overheating can be very damaging to server equipment, and if any crashes occur and the equipment is damaged and needs to be repaired or replaced, this can cause significant delays for businesses who need to access their data. Computing equipment that is overheating can also pose a fire hazard, so it is important to prevent this for health and safety reasons. Keeping the temperature of a data center carefully regulated can prevent these problems before they happen and keep everything running without an issue.
Data Center cooling is therefore an important and necessary process. Cooling systems use up high amounts of energy, however. For environmental reasons, it is becoming increasingly important for data centers to find sustainable cooling solutions that can keep up with future demand. The key to sustainable cooling in a data center is achieving maximum cooling output that uses minimal energy.
There are several different data center cooling solutions available today that look to provide both efficient and sustainable cooling.
A Computer Room Air Conditioner (CRAC) unit is an air-based cooling system, that looks to cool the whole room, rather than a specific area. It works by extracting hot air and pumping in cold air, usually under a raised floor. CRAC units are common and are relatively inexpensive. However, this method of cooling uses a high amount of power and is not as energy efficient as other cooling solutions. This is an issue, particularly when there is increasing pressure to be more environmentally friendly. Also, CRAC units do not allow for even cooling, which can lead to a build-up of hotspots. As hardware in data centers becomes denser and more powerful, CRAC cooling can’t always keep up with cooling demands of modern data centers.
In-Row cooling involves placing coolers in between each server in the rack. This cooling system targets heat directly at the source, as opposed to targeting the room as a whole. In-Row cooling systems are installed in server cabinets to remove heat directly from the hardware. In-Row cooling systems can also be repaired easily and are scalable.
Rear-Door Cooling is where a rear door cooler is installed into the back of a server cabinet. This solution brings the cooling system directly to the cabinet. As this cooling system is installed into the server cabinet itself, it takes up less space than other cooling solutions.
These are examples of just some of the cooling solutions available today. When choosing a data center cooling solution, it is important to choose a system that is best suited to your specific situation. Each system has its benefits and drawbacks, so it is important to chose what is best suited for you. You need to choose a cooling solution that will keep your equipment running efficiently, but will also keep your data center and equipment running at a safe temperature, with a good flow of air that can prevent the build up of hotspots.
At USystems, we understand the importance of data centers to modern businesses. Our aim is for data centers to be better, scalable, and sustainable. We provide local and global scale coverage and offer customer support from enquiry to installation.